Drug courts are the oldest, most prolific, and most studied of the major alternative court models, which also include domestic violence, mental health, community, and reentry courts. What distinguishes drug courts is their focus on cases involving an underlying drug addiction. This article, authored by a Center for Court Innovation researcher and published in the Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Eds. Gerben Bruinsma and David Weisburd, 2014, pp. 1159-1170), provides an accessible overview of the drug court model, relevant research, and related issues and controversies. Click here for an article summary and how to order.